Generally, both carbs and protein do not have a direct effect on body directly after the exercise. However there is certainly a difference if a person eats on an empty stomach or a full one. If you are exercising on an empty stomach then the following meal should be a complete one, full of carbs proteins and fats.
This would aid is supplying the body the nutrients which were lost during the exercise. However, if you exercise on a full stomach then the nutritionists have a divided opinion. Few are of the point of view that it does not matter whether you have protein or carbs after exercise, as long as there is a 20-40 minutes gap. As protein helps in absorption and hence few nutritionists are of the opinion that the amount of proteins should be more as compared to carbs.
The role of carbs is to fill the energy storage cells and of course their importance also cannot be understated.
What is a cheat meal and when can I have it?
Firstly we need to understand that what is a cheat day, it is actually pretty evident from the name itself that it is the day where you eat freely and the calorie intake is usually higher than the normal days. However, people tend to go overboard, and this is where the problems start arising. Since people do not calculate their calorie count and consume large number of calories, therefore they suffer from high blood pressure. Water is confined in the body which leads to high blood pressure, and can potentially cause a lot of damage to the body. Therefore, even on a cheat day, one has to pay special attention to the calorie count.
There is also a refeed day, everything is same as cheat day, however the results are completely different. Instead of eating fats and proteins, carbs are consumed in more quantity, if one is losing weight then the carbs would be consumed 40% more than the regular content on the refeed day, this won’t have any side effects. As carbs are consumed directly and are not stored.